Paramedical courses are courses related to the field of allied healthcare and related sectors. These courses are focus on the smooth functioning of the healthcare centre by taking care of its associated fields. These courses help you become professionals in secondary medical sectors, and all professionals but the doctors come under this category. The courses are high on demand because of the acute shortage in the allied industry. If you are interested in this area of studies then paramedical courses are a great option.


Paramedical courses aim to train students so as to turn them into accomplished, responsible, quick and qualified allied healthcare workers and technicians. The aid the healthcare sector to efficiently provide the service to the public.

A paramedic is an individual, who after completing a two-year or three-year course in Paramedical Stream, is authorised to work in the medical industry. Let us now look into some of the options available after your 10th and 12th.

Both 10th and 12th passed students are eligible to pursue paramedical courses in India, given that they fulfill the criteria, which differs from course to course. All of the courses that can be pursued after completing 10th or 12th, vary in length ranging from one-year courses to six-month courses.

Some of the prevalent ones are Radiologists, Medical Record Technicians, and Operation Theatre Technology. Whereas, the various six-month courses that one can follow after completing 12th class include ICU Technician, ECG Technician, Pharmacy Assistant, CT Technicians and Endoscopy Technicians.

The 3 main types of paramedical courses that are available in India: Bachelor’s Degree courses, Diploma courses and Certificate courses. The Bachelor’s Degree courses are usually 3 years long; though some academic programs last for 4 years (theory + practical training). Diploma courses can last anywhere from 1 to 3 years and these courses can be pursued by students who have passed 12th as well as 10th depending upon the institute and the nature of the academic program. Certificate paramedical courses last about 6 months to 2 years. Passing 10th class is usually the minimum amount of qualification required to pursue these courses, again, depending upon the institute and the nature of the academic program.

After the above mentioned undergraduate level paramedical courses, students have the option of PG Diploma, PG Certificate as well as PG Degree courses in India. PG paramedical courses can be pursued after completing a relevant undergraduate academic program.

The Bachelor’s Degree Courses after 12th Include:

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. in OTT (Operation Theatre Technology)
  • B.Sc. in Dialysis Technology
  • B.Sc. in MLT (Medical Lab Technology)
  • B.Sc. in X-Ray Technology
  • B.Sc. in Radiography
  • B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology
  • B.Sc. in Ophthalmic Technology
  • B.Sc. in Audiology and Speech Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Optometry
  • B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology

The Diploma courses After 10th or 12th standard include:

  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Occupational Therapy
  • DOTT (Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology)
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • DMLT (Diploma in Medical Lab Technology)
  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology
  • Diploma in Radiography
  • Diploma in Medical Imaging Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Record Technology
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • ANM
  • GNM
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • DHLS (Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech)
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in Rural Health Care
  • Diploma in Community Health Care

The various Certificate Paramedical Courses after 10th or 12th are:

  • Certificate in X-Ray Technician
  • Certificate in Lab Assistant/Technician
  • Certificate in Dental Assistant
  • Certificate in Operation Theatre Assistant
  • Certificate in Nursing Care Assistant
  • Certificate in ECG and CT Scan Technician
  • Certificate in Dialysis Technician
  • Certificate in Home Based Health Care
  • Certificate in Rural Health Care
  • Certificate in HIV and Family Education
  • Certificate in Nutrition and Childcare

While all the above-mentioned courses are remarkable, the best paramedical & Lab Technician Courses after 12th or 10th standard are:

  • Medical Lab Technology
  • Medical X-Ray Technology
  • Medical Records Technology
  • Operation Theatre Technology
  • Dialysis Technology
  • Health Inspector
  • Ophthalmic Technology
  • Dental Mechanic
  • Dental Hygiene

Admission Process: Notifications are published by the State Paramedical Board about the admissions in the various paramedical courses in months of July/August. The number of seats offered depends upon the available seats in the paramedical colleges in the state and so, differ from state to state and college to college.

Selection Process: Selection of candidates is according to their scores in Science in 12th standard. Based on the scores, counseling session dates are sent to the shortlisted candidates. This is when you can choose the college of your choice. The final admission depends on the score and the demand for the seat in that college.

Due to the high demand, there is a high chance that students get placed even during the course. Initially, they are placed to basic job profiles and requirements which increases steadily, along with their remuneration, as they gain experience through the years. Students wishing to gain even better job opportunities in the field should prefer doing undergraduate in paramedical streams. After that, the doors to innumerable jobs and vacancies in the public sector are also open for them.

Considering the diploma and certificate courses, there is no lack of opportunity after completing top diploma and degree program courses in paramedical science. A large number of paramedical practitioners get placed during their studies and courses itself. The formal placement starts from the final year studying period. Initially, the pay scale remains low, because the candidates are selected as trainers and interns. After completing their practice for a certain amount of time, they get decent packages.


The paramedical courses are growing in popularity and there is no doubt that it can be a great career option. This sector supports the healthcare sector and you as a professional can be associated with it. However, there are many different courses which you can pursue post your 10th and 12th, it is very important that you choose a field which you would like to work for.

Having an interest in your field of work is very important for you to sustain in a profession. This is why we have made a list of all the courses you can take post your 10th or 12th. Go through each of the options and then chose the one which suits you the most. If you want to share your experience as a paramedical please use the comment box below.