Engineering is one of the most sought after careers in the modern technological world. Students work hard throughout their high school years to achieve this dream, and they may face difficulty in deciding which branch of engineering to go for a higher degree. Once you pass out from 12th standard with eligible marks, you can apply for JEE, AIEEE or other similar qualifying exams for engineering admission. There are several types of engineering courses for one to choose from:
1) B. Tech in Electrical Engineering
B. Tech in Electrical Engineering is one of the popular undergraduate course in Engineering degree field. The programme takes time of four years to complete, and all 12th graduates with eligible marks in Physics, Chemistry and Maths can apply for the course. It is concerned with the study of the working mechanism of electrical appliances which use electricity and electromagnetism. Electrical engineering is more concerned with electricity and power generation systems. Multiple industries recruit Electrical Engineers that produce electrical items like motors, pumps, transformers etc. They can start their electrical workshops, and the other areas of employment include Power Generation and Transmission Centres, Telecommunication Companies and Railways.
2)B. Tech in Mechanical Engineering
B. Tech in Mechanical Engineering is one of the broadest and oldest in the engineering field. It deals with the designing, construction and production of machines used in several industries like medicine, automobiles etc. Mechanical Engineering is more general and hence an all in one course for engineering aspirants. It makes the students innovative in their academic pursuits and can work in multiple fields due to the general nature of the course. The career prospects of Mechanical Engineers are vast, and they can join the public sector like PWD and work as Assistant Engineers or private sector like automobile industries.
3) B. Tech in Aeronautical Engineering
Aeronautical Engineering is an exciting field for those who have a fascination towards the workings of aircraft, jetplanes etc. They work on ensuring the safety of the flights and efficiency of the models on testing and modifying them accordingly. The undergraduate degree takes four years to complete, and the admission is through JEE exams. The job opportunities that come with a degree in aeronautical engineering are Aircraft production managers, Mechanical design engineers, Assistant Aircraft Engineer, Reliability Engineer etc.. The prominent recruiters are prestigious institutions like Air India, HAL.
4) B. Tech in Information Technology
Information Technology has great relevance in the current world which is highly dependent on technological advancement for the smooth functioning of lives. The course involves the designing of software to build information systems and development of application systems. It plays a significant role in the management of the business as it helps in developing data structures that manage its resources. The concepts like Information security, Software Engineering, Operating Systems, Data Warehousing and Data Mining include the courses. The career choices include Software Engineer, Project Manager in Information Technology, Database Designer and System Administrator.
5) B. Tech in Civil Engineering
An undergraduate degree in civil engineering takes four years to complete. It involves the study of designing, planning and construction of public facilities like bridges, roads and water treatment facilities. Thus, it commits you to the protection of citizens and improving their standard of living. Later, they can specialise in areas like Irrigation Engineering, Construction engineers, Transportation engineering etc. They go on to become Site Engineers, Surveyors, Structural Engineers etc. They have to work both outdoors and indoors, depending on the demands of the situation. Some of the recruiting companies include TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd, and they work in the public sector under the government as well.
6) B. Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering
The course focuses on the study of electrical components like semiconductors and the manufacturing of electronic devices, circuits etc. It is a four-year course that teachers the aspirants regarding electronic appliances like television, radio and their mechanisms. Thus, it includes areas of study in digital electronics and logic designing, and the courses range from Electronics to Optical Systems and VLSI. Electronics and Communication graduates take up jobs in industries like Telecommunications, Radio and Entertainment industries, Indian Railways, Civil Aviation Department as Field Test Engineers, Electronics and Communications Consultant and so on.
7) B. Tech in Chemical Engineering
The degree course of chemical engineering teaches the usage and production of chemical raw materials into products. It is interdisciplinary using principles from other subjects like physics, maths, biology etc. The job opportunities that await a chemical engineer include Nuclear Engineer, Chemical Technicians, Plant Manager etc. They get employed in companies manufacturing medicines, fertilisers, food products etc. Some of the significant institutions offering the course are IITs, Jadavpur University etc.
8) B. Tech in Biochemical Engineering
The Biochemical Engineering degree is an emerging branch of engineering with a great future as people are becoming more health-oriented. It consists of a range of duties, including the design of medical equipment and artificial organs to be implanted in the human body. It requires an understanding of biological chemical processes and hence has application in the medical field as well as safe manufacturing and packaging of food products. As technology improves, the job opportunities for biochemical engineers are also on the rise they occupy the positions like Instrument Engineer, Development Engineer etc.
9) B. Tech in Agriculture Engineering
The combination of technology and agriculture can lead to revolutionary changes in the production rate and quality of agricultural products. The undergraduate course takes four for completion and helps in bringing sustainability in society. Their roles include the manufacturing of agricultural machinery, systems to control flood and waste produced and facilitate irrigation. The graduates can join the public sector and work under the government in Agriculture departments. The other jobs include Agricultural Food Scientist, Soil Engineer and Seed Production Specialist.
10) B. Tech in Computer Engineering
Computer Engineers deals with the development of computer software and hardware, and therefore the course is an integration of software and electronic engineering. It includes topics like algorithms, programming, writing codes for operating systems etc. Later they can specialise in areas like Artificial Intelligence, Internet Computing etc. They can work as System Database Administrator, Data Warehouse Analyst, Computer Operator etc. The companies including Google, Tata Consultancy, Wipro, Infosys, hire graduates in Computer Engineering.
These are a few of the vast number of engineering courses present and depending on their interests; the students can choose the field in which they wish to pursue their career.